Distribution of CKD and Hypertension in 13 Towns in Hail Region, KSA

Document Type : Original Article


1 College of Medicine, University of Hail, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

2 Head of research department-Hail Health Authority-KSA

3 Department of Medical laboratory Science, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, KSA3

4 College of Medicine, King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


Background: Identification of individuals with early chronic kidney disease (CKD) and impaired blood pressure at community base provides opportunities for successful interventions that decrease burden renal failure and hypertension. Therefore, the aim of present study was to screen for CKD and hypertension in 13 towns around Hail city.
Methodology: Screening for CKD is performed involving 2800 Saudi volunteers with age ranges from 14 to 100 years. Participants fulfilled a questionnaire, underwent blood pressure measurement and were then sent for laboratory investigations for CKD.
Results: Of the 2800 individuals, CKD was Identified in 217/2800 (7.8%), of whom 95/217 (43.8%) were males and 122/217 (56.2%) were females. Hypertension was identified in 939/2800 (33.4%), of whom 477/939 (50.9%) were males and 462/939 (49.1%) were females.
Conclusion: The prevalence of CKD and hypertension are high in Hail Region and differ from town to another. An intervention at the community base is high required to identify individuals at risk for follow up and early treatment.